FSIS: new salmonella policies for poultry slaughter facilities
The USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service has
announced new policies and practices for the Agency's salmonella verification
sampling programme in poultry establishments.
In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Salmonella
serotypes accounted for 38.6% of human food borne illnesses, making it the most
common human food borne pathogen. The FSIS is taking action to advance efforts
to achieve the Agency's public health goal of significantly reducing human cases
The changes, which are set to take effect as
from March 28, 2008, include:
- Publication on the FSIS website of completed verification sample set
results for establishments that show inconsistency to meet salmonella
performance standards, beginning with those from young chicken slaughter
establishments (there has been an increase in percent positive rates and
serotypes of human health concern found in these products).
- A voluntary incentive-based program for poultry establishments that
should yield significant data on attribution of human illness to FSIS-regulated
- Increasing the agency's use of targeted sampling approaches and
collaborative serotype and subtype data.
Significant success in poultry sector
On Nov. 16, 2007, FSIS posted the third quarter progress report
on Salmonella testing of
selected raw poultry products. This report showed significant success. Of turkey
slaughter establishments, 84% are now Category 1, the other 16% are in Category
2. These numbers represent significant improvement from the first quarter of
2007 where 53% of establishments were in Category 1, 38% in Category 2 and 3% in
Category 3. For broilers, the percentage of establishments in Category 1 is 73%
and the percentage of establishments in Category 2 is 23%. This figure is up by
10% from the first quarter of 2007. This is compared with only 35.5% of broiler
establishments performing in Category 1 after the first quarter of 2006.
- Category 2
establishments - sample set
results above half but not exceeding the current standard for one or both of
their most recent sample sets.
- Category 3
establishments - exceeding
the current standards.
- Category 1
establishments - the lowest
Salmonella rates of the three categories with sample set results at or below
half of the current standards.
Participating establishments must collect samples for microbial analysis on
each line during each shift on every day of production. These additional samples
will provide the Agency with key microbial data on attribution of human illness
to FSIS-regulated products.
The FSIS is seeking comments, which need to be submitted by Feb. 27. All
comments must identify FSIS and the docket number FSIS-2006-0034 and can be
mailed to: firstname.lastname@example.org
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