Health

News 2961 views 11 commentsupdate:Mar 9, 2016

Scientists call for action on farm antibiotic use

A Lancet Infectious Diseases report ‘Antibiotic resistance – the need for global solutions’ by 26 international scientists, is calling for immediate action to be taken in human and veterinary medicine to deal with the growing crisis of antibiotic-resistance.

The new report highlights for the first time the link between the overuse of antibiotics in agriculture and the bigger issue of overuse in human health. It shows that any increase in antibiotic resistance in farm animals is likely to spread to humans, and will also impact negatively on animal welfare, leaving some diseases without adequate treatment. This may ultimately impact on farm productivity and food security.

This is the first international report of its kind to recommend action including the phasing out of routine preventative use of antibiotics, a call for change in animal husbandry and the 'development of health-orientated systems for rearing of animals' which do not rely on high levels of antibiotic use.

The scientists say that action needs to be taken immediately, "A way forward would be to acknowledge that human health, animal health, and the environment are all interlinked, and that the responsibility for dealing with the problems of resistance is shared by all stakeholders. The common goal should be to preserve the effect of antimicrobials for future generations of human beings, but also for animals. Antimicrobials should only be used when needed.

"Without effective treatment of serious diseases, mortality and morbidity would increase with negative effects on animal welfare. In the rearing of animals for food production, there would also be consequences for productivity and economy. Eventually, the spread of resistance [in farm animals] could lead to a local food security problem with negative effects on public health."

Tom MacMillan, director of innovation at the Soil Association on behalf of the Alliance to Save Our Antibiotics said, "This startling new report shows that the routine use of preventative antibiotics in farm animals is something that needs to be phased out for the good of both animals and humans. The Alliance to Save Our Antibiotics fully backs this dramatic call for political and industry leadership for healthier animal husbandry in order to avoid the risk of slipping back into the pre-antibiotic era.

"This comprehensive report shows that we all must take responsibility for the antibiotic-resistance crisis. Doctors, vets, patients, farmers and consumers can all play their part. The role of politicians and regulators, however, is key to achieving real progress. If there was a cause for politicians to stand up and be counted, it is in backing every effort to avert this impending crisis of antibiotic resistance."

World Poultry

11 comments

  • Mr Kirschner

    Action is needed indeed.
    Disinfectants and Antibiotics create superbugs!
    One of the ways to achieve healthy flocks with reduction in disinfectants and antibiotics is to hygiene with alternative cleaning products such as probiotic cleaning materials. A trial in Switzerland over 51crops of Broilers demonstrated a 60% reduction in the use of antibiotics and disinfectants when comparing cleaning with probiotic cleaning products v standard cleaning products.

  • ANIL POULTRY DUTT

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  • reza sheibani

    hi all dear colleages
    with soriness,forbidden antibiotics such as chloramphenicol & furazolidone are in use in poultry farms in many countries now!and it is necessary to talk about and should be describe in world medical and vet. medical societies .
    yours
    Dr. reza sheibani(DVM- iran)

  • LWE Elfstrom

    Probiotics in the gut is proven. This is where you start, at the beginning, right? Adding these 'bugs' to their feed, to their water as well as litter creates an awesome defense against many, many 'bad bugs' from the start.

  • JJGM van den Broek

    Probiotics have proven to be very effictive for the profit of the companies selling them, not the companies using them. Good hygiene, hatchery management and farm management are more effictive in the reduction of antibiotics use, than all kinds of 'make-the-farmer-feel-better' products.

  • LWE Elfstrom

    Dear JJGM, probiotics have and are proven effective from pathogen control, BWG, FCR, serum cholesterol levels and odor control. Check your facts Jack!

  • J.K.P. Prof. Kwaga

    The need to strengthen surveillance for antibiotic resistance in animals, humans and the environment has never been more urgent than now, so that comprehensive control mechanisms can be implemented.

  • Son Eurich

    Agriculture industry is fastest growing in different countries. Livestock is one major source of income in some families. However, FDA warns farmers to limit the use of antibiotics especially in hog’s and poultry. The more you use antibiotics to your hog’s and poultry farm the more harm it will give to the consumers. How often have you needed additional information on tips to get a quick cash advance, and resorted to an internet search on '<a href='http://www.matchfinancial.com/payday-loan-consolidation-2/'>electronic payday loans</a>?'

  • D.A. Ali

    We need to adopt the One Health approach in dealing with the use of antibiotics. The health of animals, plants and humans is interlinked in intimate fashion. It is not useful to assign blame for the emergence of antibiotic resistance either to human or livestock abuse. We must all share blame for this phenomenon of microbial resistance emergence. We recognise the situation in which we now find ourselves, Antibiotic resistant microbes affect us and our animals. In moving forward, we must (a) reduce the overuse of antibiotics in human and animal medicine; (b) eliminate the use of AGP in animals; (c) Reserve the use of antibiotics for life-threatening situations; (d) apply the use of all new technologies including probiotics, acidic rinses of carcasses; (e) better management practices at farm & factory; (f) better information sharing among medical practitioners, veterinary surgeons, dentists, para-medical staff, farm workers and scientists.
    Desmond A. Ali

  • Christopher Don Christopher

    19.08.2014
    Reducing the use of antibiotics in poultry production (particularly in broiler production) is the responsibility of every body in the production chain starting from broiler breeder flock operators, hatchery operators broiler farmers to processors and to hygiene of meat distribution and final preparation in the kitchen. The main focus should be to have , a sound health of broiler breeder flocks (with good IBD titter levels) and a good hygiene in the hatchery operation. Breeder flocks infected with Salmonella (SG ) or E.coli or both) could lead to problematic broiler operation which requires tons and tons of antibiotics, still ending broiler meat loaded with both antibiotic residues and antibiotic resistant E.coli and most of the time with avian specific Salmonella species. Similarly, badly operated hatcheries could spread the super bugs to the broiler production chain.

    D.C.Hettiarachchi - Sri Lanka

  • Dr A.G RAO

    In India use of antibiotics are being used rampantly to treat some of dangerous bacterial diseases till the time of marketing in the live bird markets. There is no withdrawal period of these antibiotic from either feeds or drinking water therapy. Use of these antibiotics can be regulated easily by adopting HACCP at all levels of poultry rearing starting from the breeder rearing to final disposal of birds through either processing or sale of birds in the live bird markets. This can further be achieved by adopting strict biosecurity measures coupled with use of prebiotic, probiotics and organic acids in the diets in place of antibiotics. This assures food safety and encourages exports from our country.

    agrao

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