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Vaccination against coccidiosis?

It is well-known that coccidiosis is a common and important disease of commercial poultry production all around the world.

It is well-known that coccidiosis is a common and important disease of commercial poultry production all around the world.
The protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria multiply in the intestinal tract and cause tissue damage which results in mortality, interruption of digestive processes or nutrient absorption, reduced weight gain, and increased susceptibility to other diseases including necrotic enteritis.
It has been shown that elimination of this parasitic disease by common management practices is very difficult if not impossible. Anti-coccidial drugs have been used for many years in poultry feed in order to deal with this disease. Development of resistance to drugs and recent moves towards restricting use of drugs in feed has put pressure on the industry to look for alternatives.
Vaccination is an option available to the poultry industry. Here are a few questions that we can discuss in this blog:
  • Can we only rely on vaccines to fight coccidiosis?
  • How about using a combination of vaccines and drugs? Is this an effective preventive strategy?
  • What are your practical experiences of using vaccines in your poultry flocks?
  • Based on your experiences and available scientific information, what do you prefer to use to prevent this disease?
Related link:
McDougald, L. R. 2003. Coccidiosis. In Diseases of poultry. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IW.

44 comments

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    Klas E

    What is the experience of CoxAbic in countries where it has been launched?

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    Dr,Rajendra Kumar

    Vaccinations against Coccidiosis is not a guarantee to stop Eimeria infection. Please use effective coccidiostats and regulate the mild attack according to the age and stage you would like it to attack and give active protection to your flocks
    Write to

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    OLAWOYIN ADEKEMI FOLAKE

    USE OF DRUG IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN VACCINES. MOSTLY VACCINE FAILURE ALWAYS OCCUR IN OUR COUNTRY.MOST FARMER RELAY ON DRUGS MORE THAN VACCINE.

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    Paul R. Amoah

    Tank you for your question . Ideal the combination of vaccine and drugs is rapid result, but due to the poor level of technical training the local farmers dont have we prefare the drugs in administernig.Which is easly managable.

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    Akmal Khan

    Based on my experience i pefer to vaccinate the birds.

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    Bolarinwa Ganiyu

    As long as its effective on my farms i would continues to use LIVACOX.I prefer vaccine and many people lacks technical ways of using it,this is the major reason why there is complain of its non effectiveness.

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    Peter Zondervan (www.kanters.nl)

    Why limit to vaccination and/or antibiotics? Make a paradigm shift and think providing nutrients via drinking water to reach the birds when feed cannot. Oregano for instance can be effective. But also mixtures of minerals/vitamins/amino acids/organic acids like Nutriforte is as effective to coccidiosis as Salinomycine! Scientific results are available.

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    Steve

    The CoxAbic vaccine is a Failure. It was first launched in Israel and the results were very poor. Sever outbreaks of coccidiosis and necrotic enteritis. The vaccine didn't succeed in other countries also.

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    Dr Oluwole Banjo

    I prefer to use feedgrade coccidiostat and interchanging with water soluble coccidiostat. It was very effective for my broiler and pullet production

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    Dr.Ghanim Abdulrahman Hassan

    My personal experience when i used Paracox-5 for broilers & Paracox-8 for breeders is satisfactory ,though they are not 100 % protective against coccidiosis.In case there are clinical signs following vaccination i do advise to medicate it by using Baycox which can provide sufficient protection throughout the chicken life span.Once a coccidiosis vaccine is used in feed coccidiostats should not be given at all ,otherwise they will definitely kill the vaccine.

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    Cristhian Cespedes

    we have very good experiences here in Peru with the use of vaccines against Coccidiosis, specially with "natural chickens".
    the key point is to have a good management of the vaccine!

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    Dr Udi Ashash

    Thank you for your question, the vaccine is used in South Africa, India & Argentina in regular commercial poultry integrations. we expect that the list will be longer in 2008 as now we have finalized successful field trials in some other countries
    For further information. www.coxabic.com

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    Dr. Udi Ashash

    To "Steve" ( or who ever you are..) Your information is totally incorrect. I trust that resonable readers will reffer to Abic company for reliable information udi.ashash@teva.co.il 00972548885901

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    Matt

    Coccidiosis vaccination was used in our operation as a rotational tool. With the success that we acheived while using the vaccine we decided to use it year round and haven't looked back. We've been using it for 3 full years now and have no plans to go back to chemicals/ionophores

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    Dr tanveer Ahmad

    Its a nice discussion. In Pakistan, we are mostly relying on Coccidiostats. Under the present broile's vaccination schedule it could not be possbile to adjust another vaccine. Use of coccidiostat is also on demand and severity basis.

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    Puneet Agrawal

    we are neglecting terminal disinfection to a large extent by depending on certain hyped disinfectants, which actually do not eliminate cocci at all. they just suppress it for a while,as their residual efficicacy is too short to cover the whole cycle period.

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    Dr Mrigen Dutta

    CoxAbic is really a revolutionary concept for the prevention of coccidiosis in broilers. As per my experience, CoxAbic provides perfect protection against Eimeria in broilers provided following two rules are strictly applied -1) Eggs from the CoxAbic vaccinated breeders should be stored/incubated/hatched separately and there should not be any mixing with the eggs from non-vaccinated (with CoxAbic) breeders. There should not be any mixing of CoxAbic Chicks with chicks from non-vaccinated breeders (with CoxAbic). 2) Feed and water for chicks from CoxAbic vaccinated breeders should not contain any anti-coccidial. So, I fully agree with "Dr. Udi" regarding the result of CoxAbic in preventing Coccidiosis in broilers.

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    Dr. Habib-ur-Rehman Olympia

    We often use vaccine to controle cocci but if there is outbreak sfter vaccine it is complicated and more expansive I think both vaccine and drugs are affective.My experience, I prefer to vaccinate the flocks

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    Koen De Gussem

    To the Kanter person (Peter Zondervan)
    Stop talking (commercial)nonsens and show these results.Publish them.
    We are waiting.
    "Don't listen to what I say, but whatch my deeds"

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    shodeinde kazeem

    vaccination is very good, i dont suscribe to feed vaccination. Basically my personal experience is not too good on coccidiosis. i use lasota in most cases for laying birds

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    emeka njemanze

    i think vaccine i okay,i use livacox for my broilers and it hasn't failed me.Immucox is equally good if used appropriately.

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    Pambuh D.O.

    Cocci is not simply eliminated but is better managed at farm level by use of appropriate,vaccine/coccodiostats,and clean environment.
    We have tried Aloe Vera in the drinking water with some success.

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    Peter Zondervan

    About drinking water solutions.
    Publication is in progress.
    As mentioned, scientific results are available. You only have to ask! info@kanters.nl

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    Rayan A. Haydar

    Farm management is very critical for proper prevention of diseases, and vaccination is part of Good Management Practices, if the laws permit such type of vaccines. Furthermore, we must place more effort in training farmers on proper vaccination techniques to get good results. The use of anti coccidial drugs increases our cost and will only reduce the mortality rates without eradicating the causing agent.

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    Bernard

    There is now new options for those interested with more natural additives combining in a program specific Plant extracts and chemical Coccidiostats and/or vaccination to secure the feed. I will be interested to discuss with those having used plants extracts as preventive solution in drinking water or in feed.

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    dayo adeoye

    I have been using septrin for the past four years it has not really fail me in my broiler production. The only drawback is you have to be vigilant,and repeat the medication twice

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    Jim Ross

    With effective in house management strucures in place, ie control of water spillage (fast clean up)and control of environmental factors affecting the birds status and age. An anticoccidiostat in the feed should be sufficient. Any outbreak of cocci should be considered a management problem. Proper training of staff to vigilant against any disease out break is fundimental in any livestock industry.

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    sundar

    The vaccination against cocci is a wonderful invention and it has not been properly directed to the farmers. A detailed instruction along with the vaccine would avoid unnecessary doubts and wrong usage

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    Ibrahim Adamu

    My experience:
    Paracox for broiler breeders is a very good vaccine.
    Paracox 5 for broilers is also a very good vaccine.
    Immucox: good but sometimes vaccine reactions.
    Livacox: not very effective
    Coxabic: Not efficacious at all

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    DR.UMESH

    USING COCCI VACCINES IS VERY EFFECTIVE AND HAS REDUCED LOSSES IN ALL COUNTRIES..BUT MUST USE IT ON THE PRESCRIBED DAY OF VACINATION AND IF 1 OR 2 BIRDS DIE AFTER THE NEXT DAY OF VACVCINATION, DO not panic IT IS A NORMAL VACCINATION REACTION AND ITVACCINATION WILL START EFFECTING GOOD RESUKTS

    gOOD lUCK

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    evorgloc

    Based on experience and observation, most cocci outbreaks are a direct result of mismanagement (cramped conditions, etc). There is no need for yet another vaccine. But for those that decide they must vaccinate, at least don't force the practice on the rest of us.

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    Muhammad Usman Ghani

    it is very good step for coccidiosis but it has a main problem vaccination produce stress in birds.instead of vaccine it better to resist the bird against coccidiosis use medicinal plant like glycyrrhiza glabra and so many other plants that reduce the risk of coccidiosis.

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    Dr Stephen Adejoro

    Our experience now on the field is the persistent break down in coccidiosis vaccination.
    Will the chicks with such experience on further ingestion of the oocytes from the floor reactivate further immune response or is it appropriate to adopt chemotherapy in such a circunsances?

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    Alessandra

    To see a complete list of coccidiosis vaccines Go To:
    www.PoultryMed.com (vaccines)

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    atabak ronaghi

    I've read in some articles that vaccination against coccidiosis affects the epithelial and subepithelial layers in intestine and makes it fragible to necrotic entritis caused by c.perfringens specially when vaccine containes some strains of e.maxima. so after awhile post vaccination arousing necrotic entritis is inevitable even in its subclinical form that chaos the uniformity of flock.

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    kirti

    Our experience now on the field is the persistent break down in coccidiosis vaccination. Will the chicks with such experience on further ingestion of the oocytes from the floor reactivate further immune response or is it appropriate to adopt chemotherapy in such a circunsances?

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    Arief Fachrudin

    Using vaccine is not only one of best ways to solve coccidiosis. I think pay much attention on biosecurity and sanitation will be better for our farm and of course the poultry.

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    Naveen

    Coming back to our question and then various postings, if we try to inch towards a conclusion..,first on coccidiosis vaccines and then coxabic performance? Out of our 36 postings majority (12) still are not trusting vaccines and have several doubts. Few postings (approx.6)are straight away putting this concept to an end. Among the few users and brands, of this concept, the Coxabic is not scoring very high, so what you conclude..what and who is better?? Bottomline is sound management practices whether with vaccines or without!!

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    khalil ahmad

    As every one knows very famous proverb that ``prevention is better than cure". Likewise it is so in coccidiosis as well. I think we need to get better training that when & how to do vaccination.

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    Matt

    I agree with Naveen. Managment is critical. I would suggest if you are having problems with vaccination look at your methodology of raising poultry - you'd be surprised to find out just how much we do wrong during the growout. How many times have we tried to force antibiotic management regimes onto vaccination ones and expected success!

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    DR. MATEEN

    I THINK IF VACCINATION DONE WITH PROPER PROTOCAL,THEN IT GIVE GOOD RESULTS,AND IT BETER TO CONTROL THE COCCI VIA VACCINATION,USE OF MEDICINE IS THE END SOLUTION.

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    Dr Costello

    Having been involved with Coxabic for more than 5 years in South Africa I can safely say that Coxabic works very well. The results are comparable to those obtained with coccidiostats and better than with live broiler vaccines. Necrotic enteritis is not a factor of Coxabic but rather of taking out the ionophores/AGP's. You will get NE with any vaccine use. The main challenge with Coxabic is managing the chick flow during the implementation phase to ensure correct placements.

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    Dr.NajmulHasnain Shah UK

    The rapid spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza, with outbreaks occuring at the same time in several counries, is historically unprecedented and of great concern for human health as well a for agriculture. Learning proper Biosecurity Procedures and successfully implementing them are key steps in preventing the introuction of avian influenza onto poultry ranches.

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    merve ocaktar, DVM

    vaccination can equal performance to a drug. Key factors of farm management,vaccination are application, vaccine storage and ''BIOSECURTY'', clarify. Use the most effective drug, include utilizing immunity & vaccination will provide powerful cocc. control

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