The country chickens (having coloured plumage) are strong, require
less space for growing and fetch a good price for their meat and eggs.
Researchers at the Department of Avian Production and Management (DVPM), Hebbal, Bangalore have developed a
hybrid chicken breed named Swarnadhara.
According to Prof. K. Venkat Reddy, Associate Professor, Department of
Poultry Science, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fishery Sciences University
(KVAFSU), Hebbal, Bangalore, these Swarnadhara chickens have a high egg
production potential along with better growth compared to other local varieties
and are suited for mixed and backyard farming.
The birds can be reared for its eggs and meat, and attain maturity from
week 22 to week 23. The hens reach a bodyweight of about 3 kg, laying about
180-190 eggs per year. Each egg weighs about 55 - 60 grammes, with a
hatchability of 80 - 85%. A day-old chick weighs about 35 - 40 grammes.
The eggshell is brown in colour and thicker than that of other commercial
eggs, and hence stronger. The eggs fetch a price of Rs 3 - 5 (€0.05 - 0.09) in
the local market.