2794 views 12 commentsupdate:Mar 22, 2010

Summer and heat stress

High mortality, decreased feed intake, lower than expected body weight gain, poor feed efficiency, reduction in egg production and poor eggshell quality are common adverse effects of heat stress often seen in meat-and egg-type poultry flocks.

Heat stress in commercial poultry farms is again at the center of attention, and for this reason I thought it would be a good time to briefly talk about heat stress.
High mortality, decreased feed intake, lower than expected body weight gain, poor feed efficiency, reduction in egg production and poor eggshell quality are common adverse effects of heat stress often seen in meat-and egg-type poultry flocks.
The magnitude of heat stress-related problems may vary from region to region and from one farm to another (in the same region). These effects may not even be the same in different barns and a farm. There is no doubt that temperature itself is a determining factors, but farm structure (house design, ventilation system, stocking density, etc) and the way that farm Management / staff handle heat stress are also important and can affect the outcome of this problem. Additionally, birds - depending on type and stage of production - react differently to heat stress conditions. You may not expect to encounter similar adverse effects in a 4-week-old broiler flock and a 40-week-old broiler breeder flock.
There are many publications on how we can reduce or minimize adverse effects of heat stress on birds in commercial poultry operations. Strategies such as temporary feed restriction or feeding at specific times of the day, increasing density of nutrients in diet (because feed intake decreases during heat stress), providing birds with extra electrolytes and vitamin (especially through drinking water), and changing the lighting program may all be helpful inManaging heat stress-induced problems in poultry. It is always recommended to provide birds with cool water, but I am not sure how this can happen when the temperature is 50A ° C.
1. How do you deal specifically with heat stress in your farm?
2. As today's birds are genetically selected for different traits, do you think that selection for heat tolerance could lead us to some point to be Able to cope with heat stress?
 
Click here World Poultry to view published magazine articles Relating to heat stress (cooling, heating, ventilation and insulation).

12 comments

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    erafarm@streamyx.com

    Having raised broilers over the last 4 years I recently discovered that inspite of a good feed intake the birds did not gain much weight ; at 40 days it was just hovering at 2 kg.The temperature was at around 29c.What could possibly be wrong? Mortality was at 0.7%

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    sourabh

    very good article.. I am owning a 50000 bird layer farm with babcock chicks... I think heat stress can be managed by 2 ways... external(close the curtains , stop the outside air and use foggers to decrease temp at constant level... i try to maintain it around 35 degree). internal ( feed : increase energy to 2475, decrease protein, increase amino acids ie lycine, methonine... and topdressing of electrolyte and .5 times ab2d3k and B complex...!!!!!!

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    Bor Sille

    This whole industry is founded on the exploitation of an animals will to live...so much so that the most intelligent among you believe the best way to raise poultry is barefoot standing in their own waste.

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    T. Mushtaq

    50 C temperature is very common in Pakistan during summer days and keeping the water temperature lower is very difficult in this situation as normally the water tanks are located at the roof. Some people use double walled container filled with insulator to avoid the heating of water and use the commercial blocks of ice which is hectic and expensive work but I recommend to use compressors attached to the water tanks which is good choice I think. It is also suggested to insulate the water lines outside the house as insulation is not common in countries where temperature does not fall below 0C in winters.
    In my experience if the birds face temperature stress from the start, they are more resistant to heat stress as compared to those receive heat stress for short period. I think broilers grow faster in later ages are more sensitive to heat stress as compared to those which have a straight growth curve.

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    paulmwipf@hotmail.com

    there is a water soluble called Compac C when temp reaches 25 C start giving this product to all chickens even layers.
    this product works real good. call 13063846331 and talk to dylan.

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    alfredmoukarzel@idm.net.lb

    wind speed + evaporativ cooling by mean of disk cooler, foggers or pad are the best method to get good results with production cost at their highest level.
    Feed withdrawal, supplementation of electrolytes as sodium bicarbonate to prevent alkhalosis and water cooling are emergency measures.
    A bird panting panting costs you 500calories / hour.

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    Aladin Bacolor

    I have been working in a grower section responsible for the chicks(babcocks,borris brown,highline maria, julia, isa white etc.) before bringing it to the laying section. With regards to the variety of birds except borris brown it is difficult for me manage the increase of feed intake during summer. since the weight monitoring system is concerned I tried different strategies but it did work will. I have given fresh water on bird from the specified time except extra light. is it advisable to increase light wihtout affecting the mortality of the bird? Thank you.

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    info@ashkan.co.za

    Ashkan Poultry tonic works very well in South Africa with extremes of winter temperatures. It contains Vitamins, trace elements, amino acids, Nucleotides, electrolytes and essential fatty acids. This ensures that the bird still drinks nutrients even when it may stop feeding.

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    Dr. Devendra (INDIA) devendra.verma@danisco.com

    At high ambient temperatures prevalent in most of Asian countries including India, bird has to rely on panting for controlling body temperature that will consume energy resulting in reduced feed efficiency. Betaine is of immense help in such heat stress conditions since it is an osmolyte, maintaining cellular water and ion balance. Adding Betaine is highly cost-effective solution that will significantly reduce heat stress and enhance profitability. Besides, Betaine acts as methyl donor which can allow to replace up to 15-20% of added synthetic methionine and up to 100% of choline chloride, resulting in feed cost savings, that is the need of hour.

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    rich.glaude@xittel.ca

    3rd generation broiler and layer producer and field rep.for poultry feed company.Our Canadian summer climate varies dramatically from a steady ( 18C to 23C )low humidity to overnight (30c to 34c ) high humidity which feels like 40c to 44c. What we do is keep our barn temperatures higher during the cooler period to 27c 29c to climatise them when high temp. stikes. 24 hrs. before heat wave we give them( broilers, layers )a product called Solidrate water additive which consist of Vit.C,E, D3, Dextrose, Potassium cloride, Magnesium sulphate, Lactacid which reduces weight loss and mortality. The layers we also give them a product called Calviligo water additive which cosist of Vit.D3,Calcium chloride,Zinc soulphate,Magnesium sulphate,copper sulphate this will maintain shell quality and reduce leg problems. To inquire about these product call O-Natural inc.
    Organic supplements controlling livestock health
    613-347-1050

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    Ben Martin

    Has any one considered a Retractable Roof Chiken barn to control the environmemt? We do this effectively for growing crops and for public places. With opening a roof and walls we can provide natural ventilation, natural light and comfortable evironment. www.cravo.com
    Any comments?
    benjaminm@cravo.com

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    rituparna das

    To alleviate the negative effect of heat stress in broilers and layers we can incorporate chromium (cr) in the diet.
    Cr acts as a insulin potentiator and thus have a essential role in carbohydrate(glucose), lipid and protein metabolism.
    Cr acts in the molecular level to nullify heat stress..it also decreaes the corticotrophin level in the body. During heast stress there is loss of minerals from the body. Cr improves the mineral retention in the body and hence maintains the vital functions in the body. Cr also improves the immuinity, body weight gain, FCR, egg production, egg quality.

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