23212 views 16 commentsupdate:Sep 26, 2012

Challenges of the poultry industry

In spite of substantial qualitative and quantitative advancements in different sectors of the poultry industry, the industry will continue to face numerous challenges on a global basis.

 

Some of these challenges are presented here:

1. Feed cost and continuous efforts to get a better understanding of available alternative feed ingredients.  As of right now, feed cost is probably one of the most serious challenges for the industry.

2. Disease outbreaks and implementation of biosecurity programs, although the extent and also types of disease outbreaks can vary in different parts of the world. In addition, diseases of metabolic origin including ascites and skeletal disorders are of importance as well.

3. Issues surrounding inclusion of antibiotics in poultry feed and also the use of alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters.

4. Safety of poultry products for human consumption.

5. Poultry welfare-related issues such as banning the use of conventional cages at layer farms.

6. Nutrition-related environmental issues (excretion of nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in the manure).

7. Issues related to water in terms of both quality and quantity.

How significant have the impact of these challenges been on the poultry industry in your country or region? Please share your opinions/experiences here.

References:
• http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=660224
• http://japr.fass.org/cgi/content/abstract/17/2/315
• http://ps.fass.org/cgi/content/full/86/7/1285

16 comments

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    Dr. Tanveer Ahmad

    More or less all of these issues are being faced by poultry industry in Pakistan. However, issues related to environment are not on the top side primarily due to illiterate farmers.

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    Dr.G.R.Lokanath

    Further to the list of challenges furnished, some more restrictions/challenges may be:
    l. In semi-urban/rural/backward areas /where nomadic or backward tribes thrive, and organised farming is a taboo, preferences for scavenging type of coloured birds requiring absolutely no attention are most welcome.
    2.Brown to white eggs are liked.
    3.Scientifically formulated feeds are not provided, while hand mixed feed with the available feed ingredients or even commonly available left overs are provided.
    4.water scarcity,lack of availability of clean,flowing water being common, birds have to depend on polluted water flowing from backyards/kitchen in village houses compound the problems as against clean water supply in organised farms. It must be borne in mind that bore well water availability is not always ensured everywhere.
    With all these challenges faced in different regions, still improved birds supplied are far better in their production characteristics for egg and meat.

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    Tanimowo G A

    The challenges is all over most threatening in the industry is the increasing cost of feeds.

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    Njoagwuani Ifeanyi-Nigeria

    The Nigerian situation is worsened by the fact that in addition to the rising cost of feed, there has been no significant increase in prices of eggs.We have a case of fast shrinking margin which has the potential of stifling growth in the industry.

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    Sylvia Terblanche

    Challenging yes! You ask us to share on how it has significantly affected us in our area of this industry. Job losses and retrenchments have occured.In my opinion the imports of poultry have made it worse. Despite the cost of feeds and infections. imports should be restricted!

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    Fabiana Gabriela Corres

    One of the important challenges of the Poultry Industry is to start to work as soon as possible in order to develop a new broiler line, capable of resisting the environmental challenges.
    Genesticists at Broiler Breeder companies are achieving a genotype, strongly selected to have higher ingestion and lower feed conversion, but in this selection, broilers are losing important genes with respect to improvements of broilers immunologic system and their general metabolism. Frequently, selected lines have a high level of endogamy.
    Nutritionists have to use an increasing number of additives in their formulas (like cocciostatics, enzymes, antibiotic growth promoters, nucleotides, hepatoprotector, antioxidants, mycotoxin binder, between others) to prevent bacterial and viral illness and metabolic disorders.
    Furthermore, veterinarians frequently need to administrate a great deal of antibiotics and other medicines to avoid increasing economic loss due to morbidity and mortality in the flocks.
    With such genetic material, it is not possible to reach organic production, neither optimal production.
    I work as a nutritionist, but I can say that, as a Natural Resource Engineer, it might be important for the Poultry Industry that Broiler Breeder companies broaden the goal and enhance feed efficiency but also rusticity. Then many problems will be solved by themselves. I think this could be possible in a few years.
    Backyard poultry is not the enemy of the poultry intensive production; they are natural gene banks where we, as human beings, can find the kind of resistance we are looking for. There are many genes around the world we must preserve in order to reach the sustainability in broiler intensive production.
    Poultry are an important natural resource, and one which will probably accompany man for many years to come in his long journey through the galaxy, providing him of proteins necessary for life.

    Ing� Fabiana G. Corres
    Bs As - Argentina

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    Dr.Narayan Reddy

    In India also the problems faced by industry are 1. feed cost 2. ignorance regarding biosecurity 3. egg and broiler highly fluctuating rates

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    KB Bohara

    The most important challanges that poultry industry in nepal can be catgorized as:

    1 Lack of Adequate natural defence system in chicken
    2 Damping effects
    3 Rising cost of feed raw materials and poor qualities of rawmaterials in local markkets
    4 Disintegration of intestinal environment/health of poultry birds
    5 Availability of quality of water in adequate quantity
    6 High pressure of emerging diseases

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    Razak Zailan

    In Malaysia, apart from high feed cost and new emerging diseases as the main challenges in the poultry industry, the community concerned not only in term of good quality meat, wholesome, safety from residues but also must prepare in halal method. The introduction of Enactment in Poultry Farm Licensing 2009, is to ensure that the producers comply to the needs of Farm Bio-security; birds welfare; adopt environmental friendly production system. Farmers rearing more than 500 birds will have to license their farm with nominal fee. Once the farms are licensed, the Veterinary Authority can monitor and regulate the premises.

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    Dr Isa Abba

    Apart from high cost of poultry feed in Nigeria, local/scavenger Chicken producers are facing challenges on how to implement bio security measures on scavenging poultry especially in the face of resurging H5N1 Virus and other emerging diseases.

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    Carole I.

    Would anyone on this string of scientists have input for me on a market research project I am working on?

    I am an independent market researcher, working on a project to assess throughput volumes of laboratories - specifically which laboratories might be most pre-disposed to do high volumes of screens using applications such as AlphaLISA assays (ELISAs, but using Perkin-Elmer's proprietary ALPHA platform. My client for this project is the maker of hardware and consumables that would be used in such a scenario and the client is trying to learn who is most suited for the use of this specific application. While they have done much in the area of genotyping labs, they are interested to see if there are any ELISA screens used in the poultry/egg industry that may make this technology applicable to helping your industry�s scientists achieve their goals in progressive, new ways.

    Is there much use of high-throughput screening in either the poultry industry or egg-production industry?

    Thank you for any thoughts or direction!

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    roland jay esguerra

    Choosing alternative feeds due to high cost of commercial feeds is quite a problem also here in the Philippines..Even us which are students of Animal Science program were finding ways for it..We were currently doing it on our undergraduate thesis..

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    DR. Alak Kumar Sarker

    Perfect remuneration of worker and working quality of worker also challenges of the poultry industry in Bangladesh.

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    Raghavan V.Dr

    Feed is the most important challenge that we will be facing in view of the fact the competition between human beings and animals for the same type of cerals like corn. Many countries are dependent on important feed ingredients and they will be hard hit and they will have to look for alternate sources. Feed formulation to the needs of the birds--many countries do it in a haphazard manner. Biosecurity in many areas is lacking and the appearance of emerging and new emerging diseases. There should be more research on new vaccines for the industry. Field personnels have to be trained again on new technologies that are happening in the poultry sector, Goverment should play a major role in helping farmers and all goverment labs have to be updated top face any eventuality. Programmes in Universities have to be tailored to suit future needs for the next ten or five years and manpower needs has to be checked.
    All the points up to 13 have been mentioned in every seminar but how much is being followed is questionable.
    New technologies in feed formulation like use of enzymes, organic acids, phybiotics has to be looked into and less and less antibiotics has to be used in order to make poultry meat and eggs as safe as possible. Housing and management are also big challenges in many developing countries where poultry is exposed to a macroenvironment which affects all production parameters.The nutritional needs of the birds have to be looked into according to the environments in many countries. The challenges in mycotoxins are immense in many countries where corn is not treated before storage and this has to be corrected.

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    Tarusenga Munyanyi

    Feed costs has major impact on poultry industry of Zimbabwe because people are not producing maize and soya which are imported from countries like brazil, India south africa, Zambia and Malawi. This makes the cost of producing Kg of chicken meat cost $3 even $4.This chicken become expensive to consumers that strugling to survive on $1 dolar per day. There is need to have enough fertlizers which are affordable such that farmers can produce a big tonnage of soya and maize a cheaper cost. Currently to produce a tone of maize you need $450 to $500 dollars yet the selling price is $260 to 300.

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