5777 views 10 commentsupdate:Sep 24, 2012

Citric Acid

Ioannis Mavromichalis, PhD
Citric acid is a well-known feed and food preservative

 

It imparts an acidic/sour taste that some animals find appetizing. In addition, it can limit pathogenic colonization in the gut and improve non-specific immunity, leading to higher growth in broilers. It is also used to enhanced calcium and phosphorus absorption in layers and broilers, resulting in better eggshell quality and reduced use of mineral phosphates. Clearly, it is an ingredient with many and varied functions that is often overlooked, but certainly deserves more attention.

I would be interested to know how frequent is the use of citric acid in poultry diets in the different parts of the world and the main purpose for its use.

Please, do share your thoughts!

10 comments

  • no-profile-image

    dr asaad sabbagh

    dr joannis
    i think u are over estemating the action of citric acid , it is a very weak organic acid , will be dissociated in the 1st part of small intesten due to the high buffer capacity of the pancriatic sod. bicarbonate secretions .
    we can conseder it preservative , mould inhebitor , flavouring agent and mediumly increase protien dig. in the simple stomach animals

  • no-profile-image

    Hiren Pancholi

    Sodium Butyrate is better acid which reaches up to Caeca. it will kill pathogens by penetrating their cell wall and limit pathogenic colonization in the gut & up to caeca.and improve non-specific immunity.
    1..Act on gram positive and gram negative bacteria
    2.. Effective up to the caeca where concentration of pathogen is more,has antimicrobial characteristics.
    3.. Increases the absorption of Nutrition.
    4. Increases length of villi by app. 30%, so more areas for the nutrition absorption.
    5.. It increases the concentration of Lactobacillus and Bifidus bacteria.
    Hiren Pancholi

  • no-profile-image

    Mohamed Sayed

    Hi, thanks for ur question
    i am a lecturer of poultry nutrition, my PhD was on organic acids (citric acid) on growing and laying Japanese quail
    citric acid used by 3g per kg diet with lactose to promote very effective growth and laying parameters

  • no-profile-image

    Haroon Mushtaq, PhD

    In Pakistan, different organic acids are being frequently added in water, just to mitigate/ameliorate the negative effects of microorganisms present in the water. However their use as feed preservative or mold inhibitor is still scarce.

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.Tazul

    Yes, this is good idea for poultry feeding. If we manage poultry by this way we save cost and use of antibiotics are minimized.

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.V.Raghavan

    Citric Acid is an age old acid being used by the feed industry in feed and in water at time of stress.In feed it is used at 250 grams per ton.Through water it assists in keeping the entire Ph for endogenous activity and in maintaining healthy microbial population.
    When used in layer feed at times of heat stress it helps to improve egg shell quality.In broilers it helps in improving body weight and FCR and feed intake.At time of feather pecking problem in birds when added to drinking water it reduces the problem.It is cheaper in cost compared to most other acids.It is soluble in water and easily mixable and user friendly.

  • no-profile-image

    leo

    Dear Hiren,
    how much lactose you use for 1 ton of feed?

  • no-profile-image

    curtis

    What is the dosage of Citric Acid in water for the broilers ???

  • no-profile-image

    Dr.Azhar alam

    here in pakistan citric acid is used just to increase the feeding of birds as well as for lowering of ph of water

  • Comment deleted by a moderator

Load more comments (6)

Or register to be able to comment.